Apollo 13 – Did Hollywood Get it Right? ~ Homework

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Posted by fazio2012 | Posted in Science | Posted on March 4, 2013

Hello 6b,

As you know based on our discussions about Bob McDonald’s Top Ten Moments in Space Travel, there have been two serious accidents in the history of space travel: the Challenger and more recently the Columbia disasters.  They were 2 of the worst in Space History.  Lots of lives were lost.  

This week, we will be watching the movie “Apollo 13″ which is the true story of a space mission to the moon that goes horribly wrong.

I would like you to research the Apollo 13 mission online to find out the facts about what really happened.  We will be comparing the facts with what we see in the movie to determine if Hollywood “got it right”.  

Please post 5 things you learn about either the astronauts of Apollo 13 or about the mission itself.

Please do not look up the moviestick to the historical facts!  Remember to use quotation marks (”  ”) when using wording from the text that is not your own.

Here are a couple links to get you started on your research:

http://www.space.com/17250-apollo-13-facts.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_13

Comments (14)

hey Mrs. Fazio,
I am going to post what I learned about in apollo 13. “On the evening of April 13, when the crew was 200,000 miles from Earth and closing in on the moon, mission controller got a pressure warning signal on a hydrogen tank in Odyssey.The signal could have shown a problem, or could have shown that the hydrogen just needed to be resettled by heating and fanning the gas inside the tank. That procedure was called a “cryo stir,” and was supposed to stop the supercold gas from settling into layers”. The Apollo 13 had a problem in its engines with the hydrogen and soon the whole thing collapsed it was a error in the space shuttle.
Another thing I learned about the apollo 13 is that the remaining body came crashing down on april 17, and that it landed in the Pacific ocean!!!And also their mission lasted 142 hours 54 minutes 41 seconds, that is a long time for a space shuttle to crash!!! I guess the hollywood people didn’t show the whole 142 hours!!! Wow big difference!!!!

Hi Mrs Fazio,:)

1.A man named Lovell was the world’s most travled astronaut, had 3 missions and 572 space flight hours of experience. Thats a lot!

2. I got this from one of the articles” On the evening of April 13, when the crew was 200,000 miles from Earth and closing in on the moon, mission controller Sy Liebergot saw a low-pressure warning signal on a hydrogen tank in Odyssey.” Which means something is wrong.

3.”Cold days before splashdown” The whole crew lost weight and one of the members got a kidney infection sadly.

4. The problem was that an oxygen tank exploded.

5. I got this from article and I found out that luckily they didn’t die they landed in the South Pacific Ocean but one of the members had to suffer from a kidney problem. “However, Odyssey regained radio contact and splashed down safely in the South Pacific Ocean, 21°38′24″S 165°21′42″W, southwest of American Samoa and 6.5 km (4.0 mi) from the recovery ship, USS Iwo Jima. The crew was in good condition except for Haise, who was suffering from a serious urinary tract infection because of insufficient water intake. To avoid altering the trajectory of the spacecraft, the crew had been instructed to temporarily stop urine dumps. A misunderstanding prompted the crew to store all urine for the rest of the flight.[21]”

Sabrina

When the spacecraft was about to land, the oxygen tank was exploded two days later. The Apollo 13 mission was seventh mission to land on the moon. When they were re-entering to the earth, the mission control was fear of the heat shield. “Four hours before landing the crew let go of the service module and three hours later the crew splashed down gently in the Pacific Ocean near Samoa”.

Source:http://www.buzzle.com/articles/facts-about-apollo-13.html

-“Lovell, was the world’s most travelled astronaut. He had three missions and 572 spaceflight hours or experience.” Lovell also participated in Apollo 8, the first mission to circle the moon.
-The Apollo spacecraft was made up of two independent joined by a tunnel.
-”On April 13th , when the crew was 200,000 miles from Earth and closing in on the moon, mission controller Sy Liebergot saw a low pressure warning signal on a hydrogen tank in Odyssey. The signal could have shown a problem, or could have indicated the hydrogen just needed to be resettled by heating and fanning the gas inside the tank”
-When the problem occurred they notified mission Control “Houston we’ve got a problem”.
- The in 1995 movie Apollo 13 got some creative license with the phrase changing it to “Houston, we have a problem”.

The Apollo spacecraft was made up of two independent spacecraft joined by a tunnel. The two parts were orbiter Odyssey, and lander Aquarius. ” The crew lived in Odyssey on the journey to the moon.”
“On the evening of April 13, when the crew was 200,000 miles from Earth and closing in on the moon, mission controller Sy Liebergot saw a low-pressure warning signal on a hydrogen tank in Odyssey.” “The signal could have shown a problem, or could have indicated the hydrogen just needed to be resettled by heating and fanning the gas inside the tank. ” Then Swigert flipped the switch for the routine procedure. A moment later, the entire spacecraft shuddered around the startled crew. Alarm lights lit up in Odyssey and in Mission Control as oxygen pressure fell and power disappeared. The crew notified Mission Control, with Swigert famously uttering, “Houston, we’ve had a problem.”

Mrs. Fazio I learned that the Apollo 13 was the 7th mission to carry humans in the American Space Program. The Apollo 13 was the 3rd mission to land on the moon. The Spacecraft was launched on April 11th, 1970 and returned on April 17th, 1970. I found it to be interesting how the spacecraft was built in two parts (Odyssey, and lander Aquarius. joined by a tunnel). It is scary that exposed wires caused the oxygen tank to blow up, leaving the crew with the challenge of coming back to Earth on the Aquarius.

Apollo 13 facts

1-It was the first time 38 years old, Jack Swiqert went to space. He was the backup command module pilot on the Apollo 13

2-42 years old Jim Lovell was the most travelled astronaut in the world. He had been to three missions and also had 572 space flight hours of experience. Lovell was a part of Apollo 8, the first mission to circle the moon. He flew two Gemini mission.

3-36 years old, Fred Haise was the backup crew member on the Apollo 8 & 11

4- The Apollo 13 was made up of 2 spacecraft, orbiter Odyssey &
Lander Aquarius which were both joined by a tunnel. The crew was living in orbiter Odyssey on the journey to the moon.

5-Apollo 13 was 200,000 miles away from the earth when mission controller sy Liebergot saw a low-pressure warning signal on the hydrogen tank in Odyssey. “The signal could have shown a problem, or could have indicated the hydrogen just needed to be resettled by heating and fanning the gas inside the tank. That procedure was called a “cryo stir,” and was supposed to stop the super cold gas from settling into layers”. Swigert flipped the switch for the routine procedure. A little while later the whole space craft exploded, killing the whole crew

1. “Apollo 13 was the seventh manned mission in the American Apollo space program and the third intended to land on the Moon.”

2. “The craft was launched on April 11, 1970, at 13:13 CST from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, but the lunar landing was aborted after an oxygen tank exploded two days later, crippling the service module upon which the Command Module depended.”

3. “Despite great hardship caused by limited power, loss of cabin heat, shortage of potable water, and the critical need to jury-rig the carbon dioxide removal system, the crew returned safely to Earth on April 17.”

4. “The flight was commanded by James A. Lovell with John L. “Jack” Swigert as Command Module pilot and Fred W. Haise as Lunar Module pilot.”

5. “Swigert was a late replacement for the original CM pilot Ken Mattingly, who was grounded by the flight surgeon after exposure to German measles.”

Hey, Mrs. Fazio, I am really glad your mom is fine. Here are the things that I learned:
1- I watched the trailer of Apollo 13, and I saw that when the spaceship went to the moon, it got attacked by something.
2- Lovell was the astronaut that travelled to the moon the most.
3- In 1995, the astronauts had a big crash on the moon.
4- In the same year, while the astronauts were on a trip to the moon, they lost all their food and water since it ran out, but they still survived.
5- The mission for Apollo 13 was the seventh mission in America.

This is what I learned!

Nidal Chaudhry

Hi Mrs.Fazio
• The crew lived in Odyssey on the journey to the moon.
• When the crew was 200,000 miles from Earth and closing in on the moon, mission controller saw a low-pressure warning signal on a hydrogen tank in Odyssey.
• Luckily for Apollo 13, the damaged Odyssey had a healthy backup: Aquarius, which wasn’t supposed to be turned on until the crew was close to landing on the moon.
• The crew returned safely to Earth on April 17.
• Lovell, 42, was the world’s most travelled astronaut. He had three missions and 572 spaceflight hours of experience.

Hey Mrs .Fazio , I read on Wikipedia that when Apollo 13 was approximately 200,000 miles from earth Swigert ( Command Module Pilot ) was asked by the mission control to turn on the “hydrogen and oxygen stirring fans “. About 93 seconds later the crew heard “loud bang bang ” , “accompanied by fluctuations in electric power and firing of the attitude control thrusters “. “The crew initially thought that a meteoroid might have struck the lunar module “. Even the number -2 oxygen tank , one of two in the Service Module had exploded. Damaged Teflon insulation on the wires to the stirring fan inside oxygen tank -2 allowed the wires to short -circuit and ignite this insulation .

Crew
1. The prime crew included a Commander James Lowell. Command Module Pilot which was Kenneth Mattingly . Also there was Lunar Module Pilot which was Fred Haise.

2. James Lowell and Kenneth Mattingly both have birthdays in March .Where as Fred Haise has a birthday in November .

3 . All the astronauts that were in the prime crew ( and a few more ) of Apollo 13 , which suffered critical failure on during it’s launch to the moon , were “safely brought back to earth by the efforts of the crew and mission control”

4. The crew that was in Apollo 13 at the time the launch was composed of 10 austranauts . The prime crew , support crew and flight directors .

5. The official prime crew ( first to be decided on ) of Apollo 13 consisted of Gordan Cooper as Commander . Donn F. Eisele as Command Module Pilot . Last but not least Edgar Dean Mitchell as Lunar Module Pilot !

Thanks , Abira

I learned 5 cool things about the mission.
The first cool thing I learned is that when something was wrong they’re about 200,000 miles away from the Earth. The second thing learned was the crew from the Apollo 13 lost a lot of weight and 1 of them had a kidney Infection. The third cool thing I learned was that the 3 Crew members Fred Haise, Jack Swigert, and Jim Lovell survived freezing cold temperature. The fourth cool thing learned about the Apollo 13 mission was a spark from an exposed wire in the oxygen tank caused a fire, ripping apart one oxygen tank and damaging another inside the spacecraft. The 5th cool thing I learned about the Apollo 13 mission was that all three crew had special facts like (Lovell was the worlds most travelled astrnout) Jack Swigert
(It was his first time going into outer space) Fred Haise ( it was his first mission to).

Hi Mrs. Fazio!
I got some of these facts:
-It’s been almost 43 years since the Apollo 13 disaster!
-Apollo 13 was 200,000 miles away from Earth when the low pressure warning signal was discovered in a hydrogen tank.
-A fire exploded that made ripping apart one of the oxygen tanks.
-The crew members were lucky to have Aquarius, which made them all survive when they would be in great danger if they continued their journey with the Apollo 13.
-Apollo 13 was launched from the Kennedy Space Center.
-Apollo 13 actually landed in the Pacific Ocean on April 17th, 1970.
-The crew boarded the USS Two Jima after the splashdown.
Bye!
Nafilah

I learned that “Lovell, 42, was the world’s most travelled astronaut”,”He had three missions and 572 spaceflight hours of experience”,”On the evening of April 13, when the crew was 200,000 miles from Earth and closing in on the moon, mission controller Sy Liebergot saw a low-pressure warning signal on a hydrogen tank in Odyssey”,”Much later, a NASA accident investigation board determined wires were exposed in the oxygen tank through a combination of manufacturing and testing errors before flight”,and “three components: the service module, the command module, and the lunar module”.

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